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History

The history collections include archaeology, ethnography, coins and medals, and social history as well as quirkier collections such as greetings cards, cigarette cards, stamps and music sheets.

The history collections include archaeology, ethnography, coins and medals, and social history as well as quirkier collections such as greetings cards, cigarette cards, stamps and music sheets.

Highlights include the skeleton of on an Ice Age elk found complete with the two bone points that contributed to its death – the result of a failed hunt 13,500 years ago – and the oldest evidence of human habitation in Lancashire. Other local finds include silver coins from the Viking Cuerdale hoard, and human skulls found during the excavations for Preston Dock. There are also collections are from further afield – Egyptology sent to the Harris through its support of the Egyptian Research Account, and objects from North America, Oceania, Africa and Australasia.

The social history collection illustrates life and work in Preston and Britain, with items relating to Preston Guild and the civic history of Preston. Local industries are represented with objects and ephemera from cotton manufacturer, Horrockses, Stephen Simpson Gold Thread Works, and Courtaulds Red Scar Works.

Download more History collection information

Date

On display all year round. If you have a specific query, please email theharris@preston.gov.uk

Location

Discover Preston gallery

Cost: free

This collection is free to visit

Exploring History

Image of Preston lamb engraved on pyx

Title: Hoghton Pyx

Date: c.1650

Object number: PRSMG: 2019.1

This silver pyx was found by a metal detectorist at Hoghton near Preston. It was once used by a Catholic Priest to carry the sacred bread – the body of Christ – to those who could not get to church to receive Holy Communion. Religious intolerance after the Gunpowder Plot in 1605 meant it was illegal to even own one. Other items relating to Catholicism in Lancashire include a small collection of locally-excavated finds by archaeologists and metal detectorists including pottery fragments associated with Preston’s Friary.

Title: Flint Flake

Made: Northern Ireland

Date: c. 5000 BC

Object number: PRSMG: A44.48

This flint flake from the River Bann in Northern Ireland dates from the Mesolithic period between 10,000 and 4,000 years ago. It is a piece of knapped flint that would have originally been mounted in a handle and used as a knife or cutting and scraping implement. It is one of 200 items in the Harris collection from this area of Northern Ireland, which includes flint flakes, fishing net sinkers, and gouges.

Title: Pelike

Made: Athens, Greece

Date: c. 510 BC

Object number: PRSMG: A376

This red figure vase – or Pelike – used to contain wine or water. It is part of a small collection of 50 items of complete pieces of Greek pottery and pottery fragments collected by Reverend Finch of Penwortham Hall. Other related collections include Greek coins and the Parthenon friezes that are part of the architecture of the Harris.

Title: Face from a Mummy Case

Date: c. 1000 BC

Object number: PRSMG: A1550

This painted wooden face is from an Ancient Egyptian mummy case. It was designed to preserve the image of the deceased person in the afterlife. This item is part of a small Egyptology collection excavated in tombs at Abydos – about 10 miles from the Nile and a popular place for people who wished to be buried close to the god Osiris.

Title: Grave Marker

Date: c. 1300

Object number: PRSMG: A238

This medieval stone marked a heart burial – where the heart was buried separately to the body. This occurred when the whole body could not be transported home or when special reverence was shown for the heart. The grave marker was found incorporated into the wall of a building in New Hall Lane – still the site of Preston’s cemetery today. The Harris holds a small collection of about 100 other medieval items including floor tiles from Sawley Abbey, metal fragments from Penwortham Castle, finds from Preston’s Friary and Viking coins.

Title: Roman shoe fragment

Date: About 100 AD

Object number: PRSMG: A177

This Roman shoe fragment was found during the excavations of the walls of Ribchester fort in 1888. The excavations were led by the Reverend Jonathan Shortt, the first curator of the Preston Museum on Cross Street and the Harris Museum. The sole was found with studded nails still embedded, but these haven’t survived. The Harris holds a small collection of other Roman finds including coin hoards, pottery and metal fragments and a replica of the famous Ribchester Parade Helmet.

Title: Bleasdale Urns

Date: c. 2000 BC

Object number: PRSMG: A114, PRSMG : A115, PRSMG : A116

These urns were found in the centre of the Bleasdale Circle – one of the most important Bronze Age sites in Lancashire. They contained pieces of charcoal, bone and linen consistent with cremation which have been dated to 4000 years old. They are part of small collection of Bleasdale finds which include timber posts. The Harris holds a small collection of other Bronze Age items including axeheads and spears

Title: Human Skull

Date: 3,500 BC

Object number: PRSMG: 1997.70.4

This is the skull of a man who lived in the North West of England around 5,500 years ago. He was about 40 years old when he died – but we don’t know how he died. Stone Age people like him lived nomadic lifestyles hunting animals and gathering wild foods. They used stone and flint tools and wore clothes made from animal skins. This is one of 23 human skulls in the Harris collection which were found during excavations for Preston Dock. Other Stone Age collections include flints from the Bann Culture in Northern Ireland, stone axes and arrow heads.

Title: Ice Age Elk

Date: 11,500 BC

Object number: PRSMG: 2001.99

This elk skeleton dates from the last ice age 13,500 years ago and was found in the village of Carleton near Poulton-le-Fylde. The injuries on its bones – and the weapons found with it – make it the earliest evidence of human habitation in Lancashire. Other skeletal remains in the collection include red deer, horse, whale, sheep, goat and auroch skulls.
Queen Victoria's face drawn on the stamp.

Title: Penny Black

Date: 1840

This Victorian ‘Penny Black’ – the world’s first adhesive postage stamp – is part of a collection of 19th and 20th century postage stamps in the Harris.

Title: Blackpool Commemorative Token

Object number: PRSMG: T1563

This 19th century token is a commemorative souvenir of a 214 foot gigantic ferris wheel that was once an attraction at Blackpool. There are 1,800 British tokens in the Harris collection relating to most counties in England and more from other countries.

Title: 10,000 Mark Note

Made: Germany

Date: 1922

Object number: PRSMG: 2015.211

This 10,000 Mark note is from the German Weimar Republic. It dates from a period of hyperinflation in the 1920s when currency inflation ran out of control as the country repaid its massive war debt after the First World War. Other bank notes in the Harris collection include currency from France, Belgium and Britain from the 19th and 20th centuries.

Title: Preston Guild Medal

Made: Preston

Date: 1862

Object number: PRSMG: M331.1

This medal records the laying of the foundation stone for Preston’s Gothic town hall during guild week in 1862. This impressive building designed by George Gilbert Scott stood on the Flag Market and was lost to fire in 1948. There are a large number of medals struck for local events such as Preston Guild.
Coin with a ship, and text that says 'East Caribbean States 1996 One Dollar' engraved on it.

Title: East Caribbean Dollar

Date: 1996

Object number: PRSMG: 2015.74

This one dollar coin is a British Commonwealth coin minted in 1996 for the East Caribbean States and has the head of Elizabeth II on the opposite side. It is part of a larger collection of Commonwealth coins at the Harris.​

Title: Georgian Twopence ‘Cartwheel’

Made: Minted London

Date: 1797

Object number: PRSMG: B684

This copper Twopence ‘Cartwheel’ was minted for King George III and dates from 1797. The Harris holds Georgian and Victorian coins from George I to Victoria.
A Roman's silhouette carved onto a coin.

Title: Silver Silique

Made: Minted Arles

Date: 355-360 AD

Object number: PRSMG: A205.1

This coin is from the Rossall/Fleetwood Hoard and was issued for emperor Constantius II, 355-360 AD. The coins were stored at Rossall Hall by the man who built Fleetwood, Sir Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood. The Harris holds a large numismatics collection which includes more than 600 Roman coins. Other Roman hoards include the Brindle Hoard, Fishergate Hill Hoard, Hackensall Hoard and the Leyland Hoard.

Title: Ancestral Shrine Sculpture

Made: Nigeria

Object number: PRSMG: E96

This handmade wooden sculpture depicts a female figure with a cockerel on her head – a symbol associated with queen mother effigies. She is a chiefly figure and probably comes from the shrine of a deified ancestor. It comes from Nigeria, south of Asaba, from an Igbo town on the east bank of the river Niger. The Harris has a collection of 250 items classed as ‘Ethnography’. They are social history items relating to Africa, North America, Oceania and Australasia.
image of soldier looking out to sea at an incoming ship.

Title: Cigarette Card

Date: 1930s

Object number: PRSMG: 2011.45.116

Cigarette cards were collectible items produced by tobacco companies and sold with packs of cigarettes. They Harris has a collection of more than 800 cards depicting a wide range of subjects and dating from the 1910s to 1960s.​ This one is part of a set that shows the arms and munitions held by the victors after the First World War.

Title: Embroidered Postcard

Date: 1914–18

Object number: PRSMG: 2011.242.26

This is an embroidered postcard from the First World War, with pocket and card insert, ‘To my dear mother’.  The card inside is printed ‘Many happy returns’, and handwritten on the reverse is ‘From your loving son Joseph’. This card is one of more than 500 postcards and greetings cards which date from the early 19th century to the 1990s and include Valentine's cards, birthday cards, with sympathy cards, anniversary cards.
Train drawn about to run over body of man laying in tracks. Another man leaning down from side of rails attempting to pick him up.

Title: Music Sheet: Tommy Dodd – After Dark Galop

Date: 1870

Object number: PRSMG: 2004.2.948

Artist: Stannard and Sons

The term ‘Tommy Dodd’ refers to the making of a decision on the toss of a coin and in the mid-1870s was the subject of several popular songs and was used in boys’ stories by Charles Hamilton and Rudyard Kipling. It was also a slang term for a shunting signal on The Great Eastern Railway. This music sheet cover is one of 1600 in the Peter Edwards collection at the Harris.

Title: Portrait of Henry Hunt

Date: c.1830

Artist: PRSMG: P755

This portrait of Henry Hunt – of Peterloo fame – was owned by William Sisson. He voted for Hunt in 1830 when he became Preston’s first radical MP, and was sacked from his job in a Preston factory when his employer found out. The painting hung in pride of place above the family mantelpiece for a century afterwards. The portrait is part of a small collection of election medals, a small number of ceramics and items more widely associated with voting, the 1832 Reform Act and protest.
5 cotton reels with golden thread on them.

Title: Lurex bobbins

Made: Simpsons, Preston

Date: 1980s

Object number: PRSMG: 2011.31

Simpsons of Preston opened in 1831 and became Britain’s largest gold thread company, feeding the global demand for gold-embellished uniforms, banners and luxury textiles. They later moved into communications technology and synthetic gold thread like these bobbins of Lurex thread. The Harris holds collections of Simspons gold thread samples, embroidered badges and pieces of civic regalia that incorporate Simpsons gold thread.
Orange, green and yellow carnival leaflet thats says 'Caribbean Grand Carnival'

Title: Carnival Flyer

Date: 1996

Object number: PRSMG:1999.46

In 1975, permission was given to take Caribbean Carnival celebrations onto Preston’s streets. The first Preston Carnival was held on 26 May 1975 – the Spring Bank Holiday. People in costumes paraded and danced to steel band music and a dance was held in the Guild Hall. This set in motion a yearly tradition, which is still as vibrant today. This flyer shows the route for the 1996 carnival. The Harris has a small collection of items relating to Preston’s Caribbean carnival including photographs, a costume, vinyl singles and photographs.
Blue football scarf with the words 'Preston North End' printed across it. Preston Crest (Preston Lamb) also printed in white on it.

Title: Football Scarf

Date: 1994

Object number: PRSMG: 1994.182

Preston North End Football scarf produced as merchandise for the club shop at Deepdale Stadium. Bought at Preston North End v Torquay United in 1994 – the last game played at Deepdale on artificial turf. This is part of other items relating to Preston North End which are also associated with other small sporting collections such cricket in Preston.
Iron basin with the words 'Preston in the...' engraved on it

Title: Bushel measure

Date: 1670

Object number: PRSMG: 2008.159

Preston grew up around its market place. This bushel measure is the oldest object from Preston’s markets and was used to measure a volume of grain – known as a bushel – to make sure that traders weren’t cheating their customers. There are a few other items associated with Preston’s markets including more than 100 photographs of the Flag Market.
Close up photo of mill model. Replica of Horrocks mill made in great detail.

Title: Horrockses Mill Model

Made: Preston

Date: 1913

Object number: PRSMG: 2001.133

This model of Horrockses Yard Works in Stanley Street Preston was made for the visit of King George V and Queen Mary in 1913. The Yard Works was the largest cotton manufacturing site in Europe at the time the model was made. Horrockses was the jewel in the crown of Preston’s booming cotton industry, exporting cotton goods all over the world and launching a fashion label in 1946. There are extensive collections at the Harris on Horrockses including items associated with the manufacture of cotton, finished goods, archival material and Horrockses Fashions dresses. They also relate to items from Courtaulds rayon factory, which produced synthetic fibres in Preston from the 1930s.
Booklet showing sketches of ships withe Preston lamb in the middle.

Title: Port of Preston Leaflet

Made: Printed by Guardian Press, Fishergate, Preston

Object number: PRSMG: 2010.19

Preston dock was the largest single working dock in Britain until 1981. It was a major employer in the town, handling exports of coal for Ireland and bananas imported from the West Indies. There are more than 1000 items in the collection associated with Preston Dock, including archaeological finds from its construction, dockers’ personal items, and photographs of shipping.
Handle of sword, rusted iron work.

Title: Sword

Date: c.1640

Object number: PRSMG: 1997.70.4

This heavily corroded Scottish sword was found on Walton Flats. On the 17 August 1648 – during the Civil War – Scottish infantry and some cavalry occupied Walton Bridge but were forced from it and retreated to Walton Hill. They later abandoned their arms and fled. This sword and other items such as musket balls, paintings and decorative items relate to either the 1648 Civil War Battle or the 1715 Jacobite Battle of Preston.
White tea pot with the words 'Tee Total' and decorative flowers on it.

Title: Teetotal Teapot

Date: 1834–40

Object number: PRSMG: ce730

This teapot is one of the earliest examples of the word ‘Teetotal’ being used to describe total abstinence from alcohol. It was invented in Preston in 1834 when Dicky Turner shouted ‘Nothing but tee-total will do!’ at one of the weekly temperance meetings in Preston – repeating the 't' for emphasis. There are a number of collections that record things that make Preston unique and special including early gas lighting and Gold Thread production.
Large burgundy flag with crown in the middle at the top of the flag it says 'The Butcher's Association'

Title: Preston Butchers’ Association Banner

Made: Preston

Date: 1882

Object number: PRSMG: 1994.195

Artist: Thomas Chaloner

This is the Preston Butchers’ Association banner, first carried on Monday 4 September 1882 in the Preston Guild trades procession. It was made by Thomas Chaloner, a banner maker at 122 Friargate in Preston. The butchers traded from the Old Shambles on Lancaster Road until they were relocated to make way for the Harris Museum, Art Gallery & Library. The banner is one of a small number in the Harris collection and part of an extensive wider collection of souvenirs, ceramics, medals and photographs relating to this unique Preston celebration.